Shirt Finishing Procedures Using Cabinet UnitsShirt Finishing Procedures Using Cabinet Units

Shirt Finishing Procedures Using Cabinet Units

One Person Cabinet Shirt Unit

After washing, the shirts are placed in a polyethylene lined damp box at the unit. This prevents the shirts from drying and helps equalize the moisture variation which exists in the shirts after extraction. Rough, Dry areas and excessive spraying can be attributed to incorrect handling prior to an during the finishing cycle. Emptying the shirts into the work box saves time overlaying the shirts in one direction.


The sleeves are usually the first step in processing shirts on a shirt unit. There are three types of equipment for pressing sleeves. They are cabinet sleevers, sleeve forms, and presses. The sequence for doing shirts on a cabinet sleever is:

Shirt should be held with both hands, each near the collar point so that as the operator approaches the sleever with the shirt there will be a slight billowing action. This will help start the shirt over the sleeve form.Operator uses the left hand and a slight chopping action between the sleeve forms to pull the sleeves down over the full length of the form.After the sleeves are on the form, the operator fastens the left cuff into position. The seam of the cuff should line up with the edge of the padding on the sleeve form. The gusset should be smoothed and the sleeve seam positioned in the correct place.The operator fastens the right cuff into position in the same manner.The seams of the sleeves should be in a straight line down the center of the back so that the expanders or air bag will straighten the sleeve for pressing.The shirt is removed from the sleever by crossing arms and grasping both cuffs, one in each hand. When you turn to the collar and cuff press and reverse your arms the cuffs are at the back of the press.

Collar and Cuff Press

Thepoints of the collar are grasped between the index finger and thumb. A slight snap will remove most of the wrinkles. Not snapping the collars and cuffs produces many bad results in the collar and cuff areas.With the points of the collar between the thumb and forefinger, place the collar of the shirt on the back of the press. A slight pressure exerted in the arching motion of laying the collar on the press will straighten out the front edges of the collar. The collar is arched in the back so that the center is 1/4 inch higher than the ends of the collar.Do not pat or smooth the collar once it is on the press since you tend to push wrinkles into the collar.The cuff seam is placed to the edge of the padding and square in the press. Be sure the cuff seam is not too far in on the padding or you will press into the gusset of the shirt. If the cuff seam is off the padding, there will be a rough, dry section of the cuff. Remember, the finish side of the cuff is up when pressing. French cuffs will be the reverse, so that when the cuff is “broken,” the finish will be on the outside.

Body and Bosom Press (Cabinet Type)

When placing the shirt on the cabinet body unit, hold the shirt in both hands at the collar ends. Swing the shirt around the buck, centering the collar on the collar block of the press. The collar is centered on the block and held in position with the left hand while the right hand locks the collar clamp.The yoke area is then smoothed with both hands.The back of the shirt is smoothed by pulling the shirt tails with both hands. Failure to do this will result in wrinkles in the back of the shirt. Installation of a rear vision mirror will enable the operator to check the back of the shirt for wrinkles.After straightening the buttonhole strip, lock the shirt into the tail clamp. When the front shirt tails are placed under the clamps, the side expander blades or air bags are activated. When dressing the press, the operator should form an inverted “V” with the front. If the tails are pulled into the clamps too far, a bowing effect will occur. The bowing effect will cause wrinkles and distort the button strips.In removing the shirt from the buck of the press, use two hands grasping the shirt and swinging it from the buck just like taking off a coat.

Breaking the Collar

The appearance and wearing comfort of a shirt can be ruined by breaking the collar incorrectly.

The collar will be broken on a collar form by forming the collar around the form. If a slight arch has not been pressed into the collar, it will be more difficult to break correctly.After breaking and forming the collar, raise the collar on the form and button the top. button of the shirt.After the top button is buttoned, slide a hanger inside the shirt. Straighten the shirt on the hanger and put on the slick rail.

Except for sizes exceeding 17 1/2, shirts should require no touch-up. Such touch-ups would be on the side seams where expanders or air bags have not extended far enough to give adequate pressure for pressing.

The one operator unit should produce 50-55 quality shirts per hour. Remember, one person in the unit not two.

Two Person Cabinet Unit

This unit differs from the one person unit since it has a two-buck cabinet, an extra collar and cuff press, and is arranged differently. Follow the same procedure for the sleeve press and collar and cuff presses. This processing is by one operator who hangs the shirts on a rack.

The second operator follows the same procedure for operating the cabinet body and bosom press. A typical two-person unit should produce 110 to 120 quality shirts per hour.

Care must be taken in this operation not to overload the rack of partially pressed shirts between the two operators. More than 10 shirts on this rack will cause excessive drying of the shirts, resulting in the second operator doing excessive spraying.

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